Antonio Bianco

Research Summary
Antonio Bianco is a physician-scientist working in the thyroid field. His studies have focused on how the systemic hormone T3 initiates or terminates critical biological steps while maintaining relatively stable levels in the circulation. As a graduate student, he discovered the molecular link between deiodination and thermogenesis, specifically that the UCP-1 gene, key for brown adipose tissue thermogenesis, is transcriptionally stimulated by T3. This finding inspired further research on how deiodinases can modify intracellular T3 levels and signaling without antecedent changes in plasma TH levels. Over the years, the work in his lab has established the importance of “local” control of TH metabolism provided by deiodinases. From a broad perspective, this work has inspired the modern paradigm that deiodinases regulate thyroid hormone signaling on a tissue-specific basis, playing critical roles in human health and disease. He also served in different administrative capacities and as President of the American Thyroid Association (2015-16).
  • Santa Casa School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil, M.D. Medicine 12/1983
  • University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil, Ph.D. Human Physiology 12/1988
Biosciences Graduate Program Association
Awards & Honors
  • 1983 - Manuel de Abreu Prize Santa Casa School of Medicine
  • 2000 - LATS Prize Latin American Thyroid Society
  • 2004 - Van Meter Award American Thyroid Association
  • 2005 - Membership American Society for Clinical Investigation
  • 2010 - Membership Association of American Physicians
  • 2013 - Rosalind Pitt-Rivers Medal British Thyroid Association
  • 2015 - 2016 President American Thyroid Association
  1. E Marcondes AA, Gomez TGB, Ravache TT, Batistuzzo A, Lorena FB, de Paula CS, Lowenthal R, Bianco AC, Ribeiro MO. Assessment of children in the autistic spectrum disorder that carry the Thr92Ala-DIO2 polymorphism. J Endocrinol Invest. 2021 Jan 15. View in: PubMed

  2. Jonklaas J, Bianco AC, Cappola A, Celi FS, Fliers E, Heuer H, McAninch EA, Moeller LC, Nygaard B, Sawka AM, Watt T, Dayan C. Evidence Based Use of LT4/LT3 Combinations in Treating Hypothyroidism: A Consensus Document. Thyroid. 2020 Dec 04. View in: PubMed

  3. Marcelino CP, McAninch EA, Fernandes GW, Bocco BMLC, Ribeiro MO, Bianco AC. Temporal Pole Responds to Subtle Changes in Local Thyroid Hormone Signaling. J Endocr Soc. 2020 Nov 01; 4(11):bvaa136. View in: PubMed

  4. Bocco BMLC, Fernandes GW, Fonseca TL, Bianco AC. Iodine Deficiency Increases Fat Contribution to Energy Expenditure in Male Mice. Endocrinology. 2020 Dec 01; 161(12). View in: PubMed

  5. Sawka AM, Alexander EK, Bianco AC, Chou R, Haugen BR, Kopp PA, Pearce EN, Ross DS, Smallridge RC, Jonklaas J. Challenges in Developing Recommendations Based on Low-Quality Evidence in Thyroid Guidelines. Thyroid. 2021 Jan; 31(1):3-7. View in: PubMed

  6. França MM, German A, Fernandes GW, Liao XH, Bianco AC, Refetoff S, Dumitrescu AM. Human Type 1 Iodothyronine Deiodinase (DIO1) Mutations Cause Abnormal Thyroid Hormone Metabolism. Thyroid. 2020 Sep 29. View in: PubMed

  7. Ettleson MD, Bianco AC. Individualized Therapy for Hypothyroidism: Is T4 Enough for Everyone? J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Sep 01; 105(9). View in: PubMed

  8. Idrees T, Palmer S, Maciel RMB, Bianco AC. Liothyronine and Desiccated Thyroid Extract in the Treatment of Hypothyroidism. Thyroid. 2020 10; 30(10):1399-1413. View in: PubMed

  9. Bianco AC. We All Know We Need Them, We Hope They Are Coming, But When? Thyroid. 2020 06; 30(6):791-793. View in: PubMed

  10. Bianco AC, Taylor P. Levothyroxine treatment and cholesterol in hypothyroidism. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2020 04; 16(4):193-194. View in: PubMed

  11. McKeever L, Peterson SJ, Lateef O, Freels S, Fonseca TL, Bocco BMLC, Fernandes GW, Roehl K, Nowak K, Mozer M, Bianco AC, Braunschweig CA. Higher Caloric Exposure in Critically Ill Patients Transiently Accelerates Thyroid Hormone Activation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020 02 01; 105(2). View in: PubMed

  12. Sawka AM, Cappola AR, Peeters RP, Kopp PA, Bianco AC, Jonklaas J. Patient Context and Thyrotropin Levels Are Important When Considering Treatment of Subclinical Hypothyroidism. Thyroid. 2019 10; 29(10):1359-1363. View in: PubMed

  13. Idrees T, Price JD, Piccariello T, Bianco AC. Sustained Release T3 Therapy: Animal Models and Translational Applications. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2019; 10:544. View in: PubMed

  14. McAninch EA, Bianco AC. The Swinging Pendulum in Treatment for Hypothyroidism: From (and Toward?) Combination Therapy. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2019; 10:446. View in: PubMed

  15. Taylor P, Bianco AC. Urgent need for further research in subclinical hypothyroidism. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2019 09; 15(9):503-504. View in: PubMed

  16. Bianco AC, Dumitrescu A, Gereben B, Ribeiro MO, Fonseca TL, Fernandes GW, Bocco BMLC. Paradigms of Dynamic Control of Thyroid Hormone Signaling. Endocr Rev. 2019 08 01; 40(4):1000-1047. View in: PubMed

  17. Fonseca TL, Fernandes GW, Bocco BMLC, Keshavarzian A, Jakate S, Donohue TM, Gereben B, Bianco AC. Hepatic Inactivation of the Type 2 Deiodinase Confers Resistance to Alcoholic Liver Steatosis. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2019 07; 43(7):1376-1383. View in: PubMed

  18. Jo S, Fonseca TL, Bocco BMLC, Fernandes GW, McAninch EA, Bolin AP, Da Conceição RR, Werneck-de-Castro JP, Ignacio DL, Egri P, Németh D, Fekete C, Bernardi MM, Leitch VD, Mannan NS, Curry KF, Butterfield NC, Bassett JHD, Williams GR, Gereben B, Ribeiro MO, Bianco AC. Type 2 deiodinase polymorphism causes ER stress and hypothyroidism in the brain. J Clin Invest. 2019 01 02; 129(1):230-245. View in: PubMed

  19. Trohman RG, Sharma PS, McAninch EA, Bianco AC. Amiodarone and thyroid physiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. Trends Cardiovasc Med. 2019 07; 29(5):285-295. View in: PubMed

  20. Da Conceição RR, Fernandes GW, Fonseca TL, Bocco BMLC, Bianco AC. Metal Coordinated Poly-Zinc-Liothyronine Provides Stable Circulating Triiodothyronine Levels in Hypothyroid Rats. Thyroid. 2018 11; 28(11):1425-1433. View in: PubMed

  21. McAninch EA, Rajan KB, Miller CH, Bianco AC. Systemic Thyroid Hormone Status During Levothyroxine Therapy In Hypothyroidism: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Aug 15. View in: PubMed

  22. McAninch EA, Glueck JS, Bianco AC. Does Sex Bias Play a Role for Dissatisfied Patients With Hypothyroidism? J Endocr Soc. 2018 Aug 01; 2(8):970-973. View in: PubMed

  23. Bianco AC, Kim BS. Pathophysiological relevance of deiodinase polymorphism. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2018 10; 25(5):341-346. View in: PubMed

  24. Nascimento BPP, Bocco BMLC, Fernandes GW, Fonseca TL, McAninch EA, Cardoso CV, Bondan EF, Nassif RJ, Cysneiros RM, Bianco AC, Ribeiro MO. Induction of Type 2 Iodothyronine Deiodinase After Status Epilepticus Modifies Hippocampal Gene Expression in Male Mice. Endocrinology. 2018 08 01; 159(8):3090-3104. View in: PubMed

  25. Bianco AC, da Conceição RR. The Deiodinase Trio and Thyroid Hormone Signaling. Methods Mol Biol. 2018; 1801:67-83. View in: PubMed

  26. Peterson SJ, Cappola AR, Castro MR, Dayan CM, Farwell AP, Hennessey JV, Kopp PA, Ross DS, Samuels MH, Sawka AM, Taylor PN, Jonklaas J, Bianco AC. An Online Survey of Hypothyroid Patients Demonstrates Prominent Dissatisfaction. Thyroid. 2018 06; 28(6):707-721. View in: PubMed

  27. McAninch EA, Rajan KB, Evans DA, Jo S, Chaker L, Peeters RP, Bennett DA, Mash DC, Bianco AC. A Common DIO2 Polymorphism and Alzheimer Disease Dementia in African and European Americans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018 05 01; 103(5):1818-1826. View in: PubMed

  28. Chaker L, Bianco AC, Jonklaas J, Peeters RP. Hypothyroidism and hypertension: fact or myth? - Authors' reply. Lancet. 2018 01 06; 391(10115):30. View in: PubMed

  29. Fernandes GW, Bocco BMLC, Fonseca TL, McAninch EA, Jo S, Lartey LJ, O-Sullivan I, Unterman TG, Preite NZ, Voigt RM, Forsyth CB, Keshavarzian A, Sinkó R, Goldfine AB, Patti ME, Ribeiro MO, Gereben B, Bianco AC. The Foxo1-Inducible Transcriptional Repressor Zfp125 Causes Hepatic Steatosis and Hypercholesterolemia. Cell Rep. 2018 01 09; 22(2):523-534. View in: PubMed

  30. Mohácsik P, Erdélyi F, Baranyi M, Botz B, Szabó G, Tóth M, Haltrich I, Helyes Z, Sperlágh B, Tóth Z, Sinkó R, Lechan RM, Bianco AC, Fekete C, Gereben B. A Transgenic Mouse Model for Detection of Tissue-Specific Thyroid Hormone Action. Endocrinology. 2018 02 01; 159(2):1159-1171. View in: PubMed

  31. Yu G, Tzouvelekis A, Wang R, Herazo-Maya JD, Ibarra GH, Srivastava A, de Castro JPW, DeIuliis G, Ahangari F, Woolard T, Aurelien N, Arrojo E Drigo R, Gan Y, Graham M, Liu X, Homer RJ, Scanlan TS, Mannam P, Lee PJ, Herzog EL, Bianco AC, Kaminski N. Thyroid hormone inhibits lung fibrosis in mice by improving epithelial mitochondrial function. Nat Med. 2018 01; 24(1):39-49. View in: PubMed

  32. Chaker L, Bianco AC, Jonklaas J, Peeters RP. Hypothyroidism. Lancet. 2017 Sep 23; 390(10101):1550-1562. View in: PubMed

  33. Paolino BS, Pomerantzeff PM, Dallan LAO, Gaiotto FA, Preite NZ, Latrônico AC, Nicolau JC, Bianco AC, Giraldez RRCV. Myocardial Inactivation of Thyroid Hormones in Patients with Aortic Stenosis. Thyroid. 2017 05; 27(5):738-745. View in: PubMed

  34. Ignacio DL, Silvestre DH, Anne-Palmer E, Bocco BM, Fonseca TL, Ribeiro MO, Gereben B, Bianco AC, Werneck-de-Castro JP. Early Developmental Disruption of Type 2 Deiodinase Pathway in Mouse Skeletal Muscle Does Not Impair Muscle Function. Thyroid. 2017 04; 27(4):577-586. View in: PubMed

  35. Peterson SJ, McAninch EA, Bianco AC. Is a Normal TSH Synonymous With "Euthyroidism" in Levothyroxine Monotherapy? J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 12; 101(12):4964-4973. View in: PubMed

  36. Preite NZ, Nascimento BP, Muller CR, Américo AL, Higa TS, Evangelista FS, Lancellotti CL, Henriques FS, Batista ML, Bianco AC, Ribeiro MO. Disruption of beta3 adrenergic receptor increases susceptibility to DIO in mouse. J Endocrinol. 2016 12; 231(3):259-269. View in: PubMed

  37. Rajan KB, Arvanitakis Z, Lynch EB, McAninch EA, Wilson RS, Weuve J, Barnes LL, Bianco AC, Evans DA. Cognitive decline following incident and preexisting diabetes mellitus in a population sample. Neurology. 2016 Oct 18; 87(16):1681-1687. View in: PubMed

  38. Bocco BM, Werneck-de-Castro JP, Oliveira KC, Fernandes GW, Fonseca TL, Nascimento BP, McAninch EA, Ricci E, Kvárta-Papp Z, Fekete C, Bernardi MM, Gereben B, Bianco AC, Ribeiro MO. Type 2 Deiodinase Disruption in Astrocytes Results in Anxiety-Depressive-Like Behavior in Male Mice. Endocrinology. 2016 09; 157(9):3682-95. View in: PubMed

  39. Bocco BM, Louzada RA, Silvestre DH, Santos MC, Anne-Palmer E, Rangel IF, Abdalla S, Ferreira AC, Ribeiro MO, Gereben B, Carvalho DP, Bianco AC, Werneck-de-Castro JP. Thyroid hormone activation by type 2 deiodinase mediates exercise-induced peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-? coactivator-1a expression in skeletal muscle. J Physiol. 2016 09 15; 594(18):5255-69. View in: PubMed

  40. Bocco BM, Fernandes GW, Lorena FB, Cysneiros RM, Christoffolete MA, Grecco SS, Lancellotti CL, Romoff P, Lago JH, Bianco AC, Ribeiro MO. Combined treatment with caffeic and ferulic acid from Baccharis uncinella C. DC. (Asteraceae) protects against metabolic syndrome in mice. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2016 Mar; 49(3). View in: PubMed

  41. McAninch EA, Bianco AC. The History and Future of Treatment of Hypothyroidism. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Jan 05; 164(1):50-6. View in: PubMed

  42. McAninch EA, Bianco AC. Of rats and men: thyroid homeostasis in rodents and human beings - Authors' reply. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2015 Dec; 3(12):933. View in: PubMed

  43. Fonseca TL, Fernandes GW, McAninch EA, Bocco BM, Abdalla SM, Ribeiro MO, Mohácsik P, Fekete C, Li D, Xing X, Wang T, Gereben B, Bianco AC. Perinatal deiodinase 2 expression in hepatocytes defines epigenetic susceptibility to liver steatosis and obesity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Nov 10; 112(45):14018-23. View in: PubMed

  44. Lartey LJ, Werneck-de-Castro JP, O-Sullivan I, Unterman TG, Bianco AC. Coupling between Nutrient Availability and Thyroid Hormone Activation. J Biol Chem. 2015 Dec 18; 290(51):30551-61. View in: PubMed

  45. Gereben B, McAninch EA, Ribeiro MO, Bianco AC. Scope and limitations of iodothyronine deiodinases in hypothyroidism. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2015 Nov; 11(11):642-652. View in: PubMed

  46. McAninch EA, Bianco AC. New insights into the variable effectiveness of levothyroxine monotherapy for hypothyroidism. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2015 Oct; 3(10):756-8. View in: PubMed

  47. Werneck-de-Castro JP, Fonseca TL, Ignacio DL, Fernandes GW, Andrade-Feraud CM, Lartey LJ, Ribeiro MB, Ribeiro MO, Gereben B, Bianco AC. Thyroid Hormone Signaling in Male Mouse Skeletal Muscle Is Largely Independent of D2 in Myocytes. Endocrinology. 2015 Oct; 156(10):3842-52. View in: PubMed

  48. Fliers E, Bianco AC, Langouche L, Boelen A. Thyroid function in critically ill patients. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2015 Oct; 3(10):816-25. View in: PubMed

  49. Roberts SC, Bianco AC, Stapleton HM. Disruption of type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase activity in cultured human glial cells by polybrominated diphenyl ethers. Chem Res Toxicol. 2015 Jun 15; 28(6):1265-74. View in: PubMed

  50. McAninch EA, Fonseca TL, Poggioli R, Panos AL, Salerno TA, Deng Y, Li Y, Bianco AC, Iacobellis G. Epicardial adipose tissue has a unique transcriptome modified in severe coronary artery disease. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Jun; 23(6):1267-78. View in: PubMed

  51. Cao Y, Gomes SA, Rangel EB, Paulino EC, Fonseca TL, Li J, Teixeira MB, Gouveia CH, Bianco AC, Kapiloff MS, Balkan W, Hare JM. S-nitrosoglutathione reductase-dependent PPAR? denitrosylation participates in MSC-derived adipogenesis and osteogenesis. J Clin Invest. 2015 Apr; 125(4):1679-91. View in: PubMed

  52. McAninch EA, Jo S, Preite NZ, Farkas E, Mohácsik P, Fekete C, Egri P, Gereben B, Li Y, Deng Y, Patti ME, Zevenbergen C, Peeters RP, Mash DC, Bianco AC. Prevalent polymorphism in thyroid hormone-activating enzyme leaves a genetic fingerprint that underlies associated clinical syndromes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Mar; 100(3):920-33. View in: PubMed

  53. Werneck de Castro JP, Fonseca TL, Ueta CB, McAninch EA, Abdalla S, Wittmann G, Lechan RM, Gereben B, Bianco AC. Differences in hypothalamic type 2 deiodinase ubiquitination explain localized sensitivity to thyroxine. J Clin Invest. 2015 Feb; 125(2):769-81. View in: PubMed

  54. Jonklaas J, Bianco AC, Bauer AJ, Burman KD, Cappola AR, Celi FS, Cooper DS, Kim BW, Peeters RP, Rosenthal MS, Sawka AM. Guidelines for the treatment of hypothyroidism: prepared by the american thyroid association task force on thyroid hormone replacement. Thyroid. 2014 Dec; 24(12):1670-751. View in: PubMed

  55. Abdalla SM, Bianco AC. Defending plasma T3 is a biological priority. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2014 Nov; 81(5):633-41. View in: PubMed

  56. Medina MC, Fonesca TL, Molina J, Fachado A, Castillo M, Dong L, Soares R, Hernández A, Caicedo A, Bianco AC. Maternal inheritance of an inactive type III deiodinase gene allele affects mouse pancreatic ß-cells and disrupts glucose homeostasis. Endocrinology. 2014 Aug; 155(8):3160-71. View in: PubMed

  57. Fernandes GW, Ueta CB, Fonseca TL, Gouveia CH, Lancellotti CL, Brum PC, Christoffolete MA, Bianco AC, Ribeiro MO. Inactivation of the adrenergic receptor ß2 disrupts glucose homeostasis in mice. J Endocrinol. 2014 Jun; 221(3):381-90. View in: PubMed

  58. Bianco AC, Casula S. Thyroid hormone replacement therapy: three 'simple' questions, complex answers. Eur Thyroid J. 2012 Jul; 1(2):88-98. View in: PubMed

  59. McAninch EA, Bianco AC. Thyroid hormone signaling in energy homeostasis and energy metabolism. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2014 Apr; 1311:77-87. View in: PubMed

  60. Bianco AC, McAninch EA. The role of thyroid hormone and brown adipose tissue in energy homoeostasis. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2013 Nov; 1(3):250-8. View in: PubMed

  61. Leiva AG, Chen AL, Devarajan P, Chen Z, Damanpour S, Hall JA, Bianco AC, Li J, Badiavas EV, Zaias J, Miteva M, Romanelli P, Nouri K, Cao Wikramanayake T. Loss of Mpzl3 function causes various skin abnormalities and greatly reduced adipose depots. J Invest Dermatol. 2014 Jul; 134(7):1817-1827. View in: PubMed

  62. Fonseca TL, Werneck-De-Castro JP, Castillo M, Bocco BM, Fernandes GW, McAninch EA, Ignacio DL, Moises CC, Ferreira AR, Ferreira A, Gereben B, Bianco AC. Tissue-specific inactivation of type 2 deiodinase reveals multilevel control of fatty acid oxidation by thyroid hormone in the mouse. Diabetes. 2014 May; 63(5):1594-604. View in: PubMed

  63. Arrojo E Drigo R, Egri P, Jo S, Gereben B, Bianco AC. The type II deiodinase is retrotranslocated to the cytoplasm and proteasomes via p97/Atx3 complex. Mol Endocrinol. 2013 Dec; 27(12):2105-15. View in: PubMed

  64. Vose LR, Vinukonda G, Jo S, Miry O, Diamond D, Korumilli R, Arshad A, Zia MT, Hu F, Kayton RJ, La Gamma EF, Bansal R, Bianco AC, Ballabh P. Treatment with thyroxine restores myelination and clinical recovery after intraventricular hemorrhage. J Neurosci. 2013 Oct 30; 33(44):17232-46. View in: PubMed

  65. Bianco AC, Anderson G, Forrest D, Galton VA, Gereben B, Kim BW, Kopp PA, Liao XH, Obregon MJ, Peeters RP, Refetoff S, Sharlin DS, Simonides WS, Weiss RE, Williams GR. American Thyroid Association Guide to investigating thyroid hormone economy and action in rodent and cell models. Thyroid. 2014 Jan; 24(1):88-168. View in: PubMed

  66. Bianco AC. Cracking the code for thyroid hormone signaling. Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 2013; 124:26-35. View in: PubMed

  67. Hong EG, Kim BW, Jung DY, Kim JH, Yu T, Seixas Da Silva W, Friedline RH, Bianco SD, Seslar SP, Wakimoto H, Berul CI, Russell KS, Lee KW, Larsen PR, Bianco AC, Kim JK. Cardiac expression of human type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase increases glucose metabolism and protects against doxorubicin-induced cardiac dysfunction in male mice. Endocrinology. 2013 Oct; 154(10):3937-46. View in: PubMed

  68. Fonseca TL, Correa-Medina M, Campos MP, Wittmann G, Werneck-de-Castro JP, Arrojo e Drigo R, Mora-Garzon M, Ueta CB, Caicedo A, Fekete C, Gereben B, Lechan RM, Bianco AC. Coordination of hypothalamic and pituitary T3 production regulates TSH expression. J Clin Invest. 2013 Apr; 123(4):1492-500. View in: PubMed

  69. Jonklaas J, Burman KD, Bianco AC. Treatment of hypothyroidism: possibilities on the horizon. Thyroid. 2013 Apr; 23(4):ix-xi. View in: PubMed

  70. Poggioli R, Ueta CB, Drigo RA, Castillo M, Fonseca TL, Bianco AC. Dexamethasone reduces energy expenditure and increases susceptibility to diet-induced obesity in mice. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Sep; 21(9):E415-20. View in: PubMed

  71. Arrojo E Drigo R, Fonseca TL, Werneck-de-Castro JP, Bianco AC. Role of the type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase (D2) in the control of thyroid hormone signaling. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 Jul; 1830(7):3956-64. View in: PubMed

  72. Ueta CB, Fernandes GW, Capelo LP, Fonseca TL, Maculan FD, Gouveia CH, Brum PC, Christoffolete MA, Aoki MS, Lancellotti CL, Kim B, Bianco AC, Ribeiro MO. ß(1) Adrenergic receptor is key to cold- and diet-induced thermogenesis in mice. J Endocrinol. 2012 Sep; 214(3):359-65. View in: PubMed

  73. Jo S, Kalló I, Bardóczi Z, Arrojo e Drigo R, Zeöld A, Liposits Z, Oliva A, Lemmon VP, Bixby JL, Gereben B, Bianco AC. Neuronal hypoxia induces Hsp40-mediated nuclear import of type 3 deiodinase as an adaptive mechanism to reduce cellular metabolism. J Neurosci. 2012 Jun 20; 32(25):8491-500. View in: PubMed

  74. Kalló I, Mohácsik P, Vida B, Zeöld A, Bardóczi Z, Zavacki AM, Farkas E, Kádár A, Hrabovszky E, Arrojo E Drigo R, Dong L, Barna L, Palkovits M, Borsay BA, Herczeg L, Lechan RM, Bianco AC, Liposits Z, Fekete C, Gereben B. A novel pathway regulates thyroid hormone availability in rat and human hypothalamic neurosecretory neurons. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e37860. View in: PubMed

  75. Casula S, Bianco AC. Thyroid hormone deiodinases and cancer. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2012; 3:74. View in: PubMed

  76. Ueta CB, Oskouei BN, Olivares EL, Pinto JR, Correa MM, Simovic G, Simonides WS, Hare JM, Bianco AC. Absence of myocardial thyroid hormone inactivating deiodinase results in restrictive cardiomyopathy in mice. Mol Endocrinol. 2012 May; 26(5):809-18. View in: PubMed

  77. Arrojo E Drigo R, Fonseca TL, Castillo M, Salathe M, Simovic G, Mohácsik P, Gereben B, Bianco AC. Endoplasmic reticulum stress decreases intracellular thyroid hormone activation via an eIF2a-mediated decrease in type 2 deiodinase synthesis. Mol Endocrinol. 2011 Dec; 25(12):2065-75. View in: PubMed

  78. Mohácsik P, Zeöld A, Bianco AC, Gereben B. Thyroid hormone and the neuroglia: both source and target. J Thyroid Res. 2011; 2011:215718. View in: PubMed

  79. Iacobellis G, Bianco AC. Epicardial adipose tissue: emerging physiological, pathophysiological and clinical features. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Nov; 22(11):450-7. View in: PubMed

  80. Medina MC, Molina J, Gadea Y, Fachado A, Murillo M, Simovic G, Pileggi A, Hernández A, Edlund H, Bianco AC. The thyroid hormone-inactivating type III deiodinase is expressed in mouse and human beta-cells and its targeted inactivation impairs insulin secretion. Endocrinology. 2011 Oct; 152(10):3717-27. View in: PubMed

  81. Ueta CB, Olivares EL, Bianco AC. Responsiveness to thyroid hormone and to ambient temperature underlies differences between brown adipose tissue and skeletal muscle thermogenesis in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity. Endocrinology. 2011 Sep; 152(9):3571-81. View in: PubMed

  82. Bianco AC. Minireview: cracking the metabolic code for thyroid hormone signaling. Endocrinology. 2011 Sep; 152(9):3306-11. View in: PubMed

  83. Arrojo E Drigo R, Bianco AC. Type 2 deiodinase at the crossroads of thyroid hormone action. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2011 Oct; 43(10):1432-41. View in: PubMed

  84. Ribeiro MO, Bianco AC. Crossing the hurdles of thyroid hormone receptor-a activation. Endocrinology. 2011 Mar; 152(3):745-7. View in: PubMed

  85. Castillo M, Hall JA, Correa-Medina M, Ueta C, Kang HW, Cohen DE, Bianco AC. Disruption of thyroid hormone activation in type 2 deiodinase knockout mice causes obesity with glucose intolerance and liver steatosis only at thermoneutrality. Diabetes. 2011 Apr; 60(4):1082-9. View in: PubMed

  86. da-Silva WS, Ribich S, Arrojo e Drigo R, Castillo M, Patti ME, Bianco AC. The chemical chaperones tauroursodeoxycholic and 4-phenylbutyric acid accelerate thyroid hormone activation and energy expenditure. FEBS Lett. 2011 Feb 04; 585(3):539-44. View in: PubMed

  87. Acosta BM, Bianco AC. New insights into thyroid hormone replacement therapy. F1000 Med Rep. 2010 May 11; 2. View in: PubMed

  88. Rosene ML, Wittmann G, Arrojo e Drigo R, Singru PS, Lechan RM, Bianco AC. Inhibition of the type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase underlies the elevated plasma TSH associated with amiodarone treatment. Endocrinology. 2010 Dec; 151(12):5961-70. View in: PubMed

  89. Hall JA, Ribich S, Christoffolete MA, Simovic G, Correa-Medina M, Patti ME, Bianco AC. Absence of thyroid hormone activation during development underlies a permanent defect in adaptive thermogenesis. Endocrinology. 2010 Sep; 151(9):4573-82. View in: PubMed

  90. Yoon JC, Ng A, Kim BH, Bianco A, Xavier RJ, Elledge SJ. Wnt signaling regulates mitochondrial physiology and insulin sensitivity. Genes Dev. 2010 Jul 15; 24(14):1507-18. View in: PubMed

  91. Freitas BC, Gereben B, Castillo M, Kalló I, Zeöld A, Egri P, Liposits Z, Zavacki AM, Maciel RM, Jo S, Singru P, Sanchez E, Lechan RM, Bianco AC. Paracrine signaling by glial cell-derived triiodothyronine activates neuronal gene expression in the rodent brain and human cells. J Clin Invest. 2010 Jun; 120(6):2206-17. View in: PubMed

  92. Castillo M, Freitas BC, Rosene ML, Drigo RA, Grozovsky R, Maciel RM, Patti ME, Ribeiro MO, Bianco AC. Impaired metabolic effects of a thyroid hormone receptor beta-selective agonist in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity. Thyroid. 2010 May; 20(5):545-53. View in: PubMed

  93. Christoffolete MA, Doleschall M, Egri P, Liposits Z, Zavacki AM, Bianco AC, Gereben B. Regulation of thyroid hormone activation via the liver X-receptor/retinoid X-receptor pathway. J Endocrinol. 2010 May; 205(2):179-86. View in: PubMed

  94. Ribeiro MO, Bianco SD, Kaneshige M, Schultz JJ, Cheng SY, Bianco AC, Brent GA. Expression of uncoupling protein 1 in mouse brown adipose tissue is thyroid hormone receptor-beta isoform specific and required for adaptive thermogenesis. Endocrinology. 2010 Jan; 151(1):432-40. View in: PubMed

  95. Gereben B, Bianco AC. Covering the base-pairs in iodothyronine deiodinase-1 biology: holes remain in the lineup. Thyroid. 2009 Oct; 19(10):1027-9. View in: PubMed

  96. Amorim BS, Ueta CB, Freitas BC, Nassif RJ, Gouveia CH, Christoffolete MA, Moriscot AS, Lancelloti CL, Llimona F, Barbeiro HV, de Souza HP, Catanozi S, Passarelli M, Aoki MS, Bianco AC, Ribeiro MO. A TRbeta-selective agonist confers resistance to diet-induced obesity. J Endocrinol. 2009 Nov; 203(2):291-9. View in: PubMed

  97. Zavacki AM, Arrojo E Drigo R, Freitas BC, Chung M, Harney JW, Egri P, Wittmann G, Fekete C, Gereben B, Bianco AC. The E3 ubiquitin ligase TEB4 mediates degradation of type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase. Mol Cell Biol. 2009 Oct; 29(19):5339-47. View in: PubMed

  98. Pihlajamäki J, Boes T, Kim EY, Dearie F, Kim BW, Schroeder J, Mun E, Nasser I, Park PJ, Bianco AC, Goldfine AB, Patti ME. Thyroid hormone-related regulation of gene expression in human fatty liver. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Sep; 94(9):3521-9. View in: PubMed

  99. Kang HW, Ribich S, Kim BW, Hagen SJ, Bianco AC, Cohen DE. Mice lacking Pctp /StarD2 exhibit increased adaptive thermogenesis and enlarged mitochondria in brown adipose tissue. J Lipid Res. 2009 Nov; 50(11):2212-21. View in: PubMed

  100. Hall JA, Bianco AC. Triumphs of the thyroid despite lesser conversion. Endocrinology. 2009 Jun; 150(6):2502-4. View in: PubMed

  101. Kim BW, Bianco AC. For some, L-thyroxine replacement might not be enough: a genetic rationale. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 May; 94(5):1521-3. View in: PubMed

  102. Streijger F, Pluk H, Oerlemans F, Beckers G, Bianco AC, Ribeiro MO, Wieringa B, Van der Zee CE. Mice lacking brain-type creatine kinase activity show defective thermoregulation. Physiol Behav. 2009 Apr 20; 97(1):76-86. View in: PubMed

  103. Patti ME, Houten SM, Bianco AC, Bernier R, Larsen PR, Holst JJ, Badman MK, Maratos-Flier E, Mun EC, Pihlajamaki J, Auwerx J, Goldfine AB. Serum bile acids are higher in humans with prior gastric bypass: potential contribution to improved glucose and lipid metabolism. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 Sep; 17(9):1671-7. View in: PubMed

  104. Grozovsky R, Ribich S, Rosene ML, Mulcahey MA, Huang SA, Patti ME, Bianco AC, Kim BW. Type 2 deiodinase expression is induced by peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonists in skeletal myocytes. Endocrinology. 2009 Apr; 150(4):1976-83. View in: PubMed

  105. Gereben B, Zavacki AM, Ribich S, Kim BW, Huang SA, Simonides WS, Zeöld A, Bianco AC. Cellular and molecular basis of deiodinase-regulated thyroid hormone signaling. Endocr Rev. 2008 Dec; 29(7):898-938. View in: PubMed

  106. Capelo LP, Beber EH, Huang SA, Zorn TM, Bianco AC, Gouveia CH. Deiodinase-mediated thyroid hormone inactivation minimizes thyroid hormone signaling in the early development of fetal skeleton. Bone. 2008 Nov; 43(5):921-30. View in: PubMed

  107. Sánchez E, Singru PS, Acharya R, Bodria M, Fekete C, Zavacki AM, Bianco AC, Lechan RM. Differential effects of refeeding on melanocortin-responsive neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. Endocrinology. 2008 Sep; 149(9):4329-35. View in: PubMed

  108. Sagar GD, Gereben B, Callebaut I, Mornon JP, Zeöld A, Curcio-Morelli C, Harney JW, Luongo C, Mulcahey MA, Larsen PR, Huang SA, Bianco AC. The thyroid hormone-inactivating deiodinase functions as a homodimer. Mol Endocrinol. 2008 Jun; 22(6):1382-93. View in: PubMed

  109. Bianco AC. Metabolic effects of thyroid hormones-beyond traditional prospects. Thyroid. 2008 Feb; 18(2):99-100. View in: PubMed

  110. Simonides WS, Mulcahey MA, Redout EM, Muller A, Zuidwijk MJ, Visser TJ, Wassen FW, Crescenzi A, da-Silva WS, Harney J, Engel FB, Obregon MJ, Larsen PR, Bianco AC, Huang SA. Hypoxia-inducible factor induces local thyroid hormone inactivation during hypoxic-ischemic disease in rats. J Clin Invest. 2008 Mar; 118(3):975-83. View in: PubMed

  111. Huang SA, Bianco AC. Reawakened interest in type III iodothyronine deiodinase in critical illness and injury. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Mar; 4(3):148-55. View in: PubMed

  112. Adams BA, Gray SL, Isaac ER, Bianco AC, Vidal-Puig AJ, Sherwood NM. Feeding and metabolism in mice lacking pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide. Endocrinology. 2008 Apr; 149(4):1571-80. View in: PubMed

  113. Gereben B, Zeöld A, Dentice M, Salvatore D, Bianco AC. Activation and inactivation of thyroid hormone by deiodinases: local action with general consequences. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2008 Feb; 65(4):570-90. View in: PubMed

  114. Dentice M, Luongo C, Huang S, Ambrosio R, Elefante A, Mirebeau-Prunier D, Zavacki AM, Fenzi G, Grachtchouk M, Hutchin M, Dlugosz AA, Bianco AC, Missero C, Larsen PR, Salvatore D. Sonic hedgehog-induced type 3 deiodinase blocks thyroid hormone action enhancing proliferation of normal and malignant keratinocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Sep 04; 104(36):14466-71. View in: PubMed

  115. Olivares EL, Marassi MP, Fortunato RS, da Silva AC, Costa-e-Sousa RH, Araújo IG, Mattos EC, Masuda MO, Mulcahey MA, Huang SA, Bianco AC, Carvalho DP. Thyroid function disturbance and type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase induction after myocardial infarction in rats a time course study. Endocrinology. 2007 Oct; 148(10):4786-92. View in: PubMed

  116. Fekete C, Freitas BC, Zeöld A, Wittmann G, Kádár A, Liposits Z, Christoffolete MA, Singru P, Lechan RM, Bianco AC, Gereben B. Expression patterns of WSB-1 and USP-33 underlie cell-specific posttranslational control of type 2 deiodinase in the rat brain. Endocrinology. 2007 Oct; 148(10):4865-74. View in: PubMed

  117. Wajner SM, dos Santos Wagner M, Melo RC, Parreira GG, Chiarini-Garcia H, Bianco AC, Fekete C, Sanchez E, Lechan RM, Maia AL. Type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase is highly expressed in germ cells of adult rat testis. J Endocrinol. 2007 Jul; 194(1):47-54. View in: PubMed

  118. Bianco AC, Ribich S, Kim BW. An inside job. Endocrinology. 2007 Jul; 148(7):3077-9. View in: PubMed

  119. Sagar GD, Gereben B, Callebaut I, Mornon JP, Zeöld A, da Silva WS, Luongo C, Dentice M, Tente SM, Freitas BC, Harney JW, Zavacki AM, Bianco AC. Ubiquitination-induced conformational change within the deiodinase dimer is a switch regulating enzyme activity. Mol Cell Biol. 2007 Jul; 27(13):4774-83. View in: PubMed

  120. Crunkhorn S, Dearie F, Mantzoros C, Gami H, da Silva WS, Espinoza D, Faucette R, Barry K, Bianco AC, Patti ME. Peroxisome proliferator activator receptor gamma coactivator-1 expression is reduced in obesity: potential pathogenic role of saturated fatty acids and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. J Biol Chem. 2007 May 25; 282(21):15439-50. View in: PubMed

  121. Souza SC, Christoffolete MA, Ribeiro MO, Miyoshi H, Strissel KJ, Stancheva ZS, Rogers NH, D'Eon TM, Perfield JW, Imachi H, Obin MS, Bianco AC, Greenberg AS. Perilipin regulates the thermogenic actions of norepinephrine in brown adipose tissue. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun; 48(6):1273-9. View in: PubMed

  122. Villicev CM, Freitas FR, Aoki MS, Taffarel C, Scanlan TS, Moriscot AS, Ribeiro MO, Bianco AC, Gouveia CH. Thyroid hormone receptor beta-specific agonist GC-1 increases energy expenditure and prevents fat-mass accumulation in rats. J Endocrinol. 2007 Apr; 193(1):21-9. View in: PubMed

  123. da-Silva WS, Harney JW, Kim BW, Li J, Bianco SD, Crescenzi A, Christoffolete MA, Huang SA, Bianco AC. The small polyphenolic molecule kaempferol increases cellular energy expenditure and thyroid hormone activation. Diabetes. 2007 Mar; 56(3):767-76. View in: PubMed

  124. Christoffolete MA, Arrojo e Drigo R, Gazoni F, Tente SM, Goncalves V, Amorim BS, Larsen PR, Bianco AC, Zavacki AM. Mice with impaired extrathyroidal thyroxine to 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine conversion maintain normal serum 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine concentrations. Endocrinology. 2007 Mar; 148(3):954-60. View in: PubMed

  125. Bianco AC, Kim BW. Deiodinases: implications of the local control of thyroid hormone action. J Clin Invest. 2006 Oct; 116(10):2571-9. View in: PubMed

  126. Zeöld A, Pormüller L, Dentice M, Harney JW, Curcio-Morelli C, Tente SM, Bianco AC, Gereben B. Metabolic instability of type 2 deiodinase is transferable to stable proteins independently of subcellular localization. J Biol Chem. 2006 Oct 20; 281(42):31538-43. View in: PubMed

  127. Zeöld A, Doleschall M, Haffner MC, Capelo LP, Menyhért J, Liposits Z, da Silva WS, Bianco AC, Kacskovics I, Fekete C, Gereben B. Characterization of the nuclear factor-kappa B responsiveness of the human dio2 gene. Endocrinology. 2006 Sep; 147(9):4419-29. View in: PubMed

  128. Miyoshi H, Souza SC, Zhang HH, Strissel KJ, Christoffolete MA, Kovsan J, Rudich A, Kraemer FB, Bianco AC, Obin MS, Greenberg AS. Perilipin promotes hormone-sensitive lipase-mediated adipocyte lipolysis via phosphorylation-dependent and -independent mechanisms. J Biol Chem. 2006 Jun 09; 281(23):15837-44. View in: PubMed

  129. Watanabe M, Houten SM, Mataki C, Christoffolete MA, Kim BW, Sato H, Messaddeq N, Harney JW, Ezaki O, Kodama T, Schoonjans K, Bianco AC, Auwerx J. Bile acids induce energy expenditure by promoting intracellular thyroid hormone activation. Nature. 2006 Jan 26; 439(7075):484-9. View in: PubMed

  130. Christoffolete MA, Ribeiro R, Singru P, Fekete C, da Silva WS, Gordon DF, Huang SA, Crescenzi A, Harney JW, Ridgway EC, Larsen PR, Lechan RM, Bianco AC. Atypical expression of type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase in thyrotrophs explains the thyroxine-mediated pituitary thyrotropin feedback mechanism. Endocrinology. 2006 Apr; 147(4):1735-43. View in: PubMed

  131. Sharma V, Hays WR, Wood WM, Pugazhenthi U, St Germain DL, Bianco AC, Krezel W, Chambon P, Haugen BR. Effects of rexinoids on thyrotrope function and the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis. Endocrinology. 2006 Mar; 147(3):1438-51. View in: PubMed

  132. Bianco AC, Maia AL, da Silva WS, Christoffolete MA. Adaptive activation of thyroid hormone and energy expenditure. Biosci Rep. 2005 Jun-Aug; 25(3-4):191-208. View in: PubMed

  133. Fekete C, Singru PS, Sanchez E, Sarkar S, Christoffolete MA, Riberio RS, Rand WM, Emerson CH, Bianco AC, Lechan RM. Differential effects of central leptin, insulin, or glucose administration during fasting on the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis and feeding-related neurons in the arcuate nucleus. Endocrinology. 2006 Jan; 147(1):520-9. View in: PubMed

  134. Monte O, Zyngier S, Kimura ET, Bianco AC. [Dopaminergic and somatostatinergic pathways decrease serum thyrotropin in rats bearing the 256-Walker mammary carcinoma]. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2005 Apr; 49(2):253-64. View in: PubMed

  135. Bianco AC, Larsen PR. Cellular and structural biology of the deiodinases. Thyroid. 2005 Aug; 15(8):777-86. View in: PubMed

  136. Fekete C, Sarkar S, Christoffolete MA, Emerson CH, Bianco AC, Lechan RM. Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase (D2) activation in the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) is independent of the LPS-induced fall in serum thyroid hormone levels. Brain Res. 2005 Sep 14; 1056(1):97-9. View in: PubMed

  137. Kalaany NY, Gauthier KC, Zavacki AM, Mammen PP, Kitazume T, Peterson JA, Horton JD, Garry DJ, Bianco AC, Mangelsdorf DJ. LXRs regulate the balance between fat storage and oxidation. Cell Metab. 2005 Apr; 1(4):231-44. View in: PubMed

  138. Dentice M, Bandyopadhyay A, Gereben B, Callebaut I, Christoffolete MA, Kim BW, Nissim S, Mornon JP, Zavacki AM, Zeöld A, Capelo LP, Curcio-Morelli C, Ribeiro R, Harney JW, Tabin CJ, Bianco AC. The Hedgehog-inducible ubiquitin ligase subunit WSB-1 modulates thyroid hormone activation and PTHrP secretion in the developing growth plate. Nat Cell Biol. 2005 Jul; 7(7):698-705. View in: PubMed

  139. Canani LH, Capp C, Dora JM, Meyer EL, Wagner MS, Harney JW, Larsen PR, Gross JL, Bianco AC, Maia AL. The type 2 deiodinase A/G (Thr92Ala) polymorphism is associated with decreased enzyme velocity and increased insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Jun; 90(6):3472-8. View in: PubMed

  140. Bianco AC. Triplets! Unexpected structural similarity among the three enzymes that catalyze initiation and termination of thyroid hormone effects. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2004 Feb; 48(1):16-24. View in: PubMed

  141. Zavacki AM, Ying H, Christoffolete MA, Aerts G, So E, Harney JW, Cheng SY, Larsen PR, Bianco AC. Type 1 iodothyronine deiodinase is a sensitive marker of peripheral thyroid status in the mouse. Endocrinology. 2005 Mar; 146(3):1568-75. View in: PubMed

  142. Gouveia CH, Christoffolete MA, Zaitune CR, Dora JM, Harney JW, Maia AL, Bianco AC. Type 2 iodothyronine selenodeiodinase is expressed throughout the mouse skeleton and in the MC3T3-E1 mouse osteoblastic cell line during differentiation. Endocrinology. 2005 Jan; 146(1):195-200. View in: PubMed

  143. Carvalho-Bianco SD, Kim BW, Zhang JX, Harney JW, Ribeiro RS, Gereben B, Bianco AC, Mende U, Larsen PR. Chronic cardiac-specific thyrotoxicosis increases myocardial beta-adrenergic responsiveness. Mol Endocrinol. 2004 Jul; 18(7):1840-9. View in: PubMed

  144. Christoffolete MA, Linardi CC, de Jesus L, Ebina KN, Carvalho SD, Ribeiro MO, Rabelo R, Curcio C, Martins L, Kimura ET, Bianco AC. Mice with targeted disruption of the Dio2 gene have cold-induced overexpression of the uncoupling protein 1 gene but fail to increase brown adipose tissue lipogenesis and adaptive thermogenesis. Diabetes. 2004 Mar; 53(3):577-84. View in: PubMed

  145. Fekete C, Gereben B, Doleschall M, Harney JW, Dora JM, Bianco AC, Sarkar S, Liposits Z, Rand W, Emerson C, Kacskovics I, Larsen PR, Lechan RM. Lipopolysaccharide induces type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase in the mediobasal hypothalamus: implications for the nonthyroidal illness syndrome. Endocrinology. 2004 Apr; 145(4):1649-55. View in: PubMed

  146. Freitas FR, Moriscot AS, Jorgetti V, Soares AG, Passarelli M, Scanlan TS, Brent GA, Bianco AC, Gouveia CH. Spared bone mass in rats treated with thyroid hormone receptor TR beta-selective compound GC-1. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Nov; 285(5):E1135-41. View in: PubMed

  147. Kim BW, Zavacki AM, Curcio-Morelli C, Dentice M, Harney JW, Larsen PR, Bianco AC. Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation of the human type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase (D2) is mediated via an association between mammalian UBC7 and the carboxyl region of D2. Mol Endocrinol. 2003 Dec; 17(12):2603-12. View in: PubMed

  148. Nakayama A, Bianco AC, Zhang CY, Lowell BB, Frangioni JV. Quantitation of brown adipose tissue perfusion in transgenic mice using near-infrared fluorescence imaging. Mol Imaging. 2003 01; 2(1):37-49. View in: PubMed

  149. Curcio-Morelli C, Zavacki AM, Christofollete M, Gereben B, de Freitas BC, Harney JW, Li Z, Wu G, Bianco AC. Deubiquitination of type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase by von Hippel-Lindau protein-interacting deubiquitinating enzymes regulates thyroid hormone activation. J Clin Invest. 2003 Jul; 112(2):189-96. View in: PubMed

  150. Callebaut I, Curcio-Morelli C, Mornon JP, Gereben B, Buettner C, Huang S, Castro B, Fonseca TL, Harney JW, Larsen PR, Bianco AC. The iodothyronine selenodeiodinases are thioredoxin-fold family proteins containing a glycoside hydrolase clan GH-A-like structure. J Biol Chem. 2003 Sep 19; 278(38):36887-96. View in: PubMed

  151. Curcio-Morelli C, Gereben B, Zavacki AM, Kim BW, Huang S, Harney JW, Larsen PR, Bianco AC. In vivo dimerization of types 1, 2, and 3 iodothyronine selenodeiodinases. Endocrinology. 2003 Mar; 144(3):937-46. View in: PubMed

  152. Fekete C, Sarkar S, Rand WM, Harney JW, Emerson CH, Bianco AC, Beck-Sickinger A, Lechan RM. Neuropeptide Y1 and Y5 receptors mediate the effects of neuropeptide Y on the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis. Endocrinology. 2002 Dec; 143(12):4513-9. View in: PubMed

  153. Baqui M, Botero D, Gereben B, Curcio C, Harney JW, Salvatore D, Sorimachi K, Larsen PR, Bianco AC. Human type 3 iodothyronine selenodeiodinase is located in the plasma membrane and undergoes rapid internalization to endosomes. J Biol Chem. 2003 Jan 10; 278(2):1206-11. View in: PubMed

  154. Fekete C, Sarkar S, Rand WM, Harney JW, Emerson CH, Bianco AC, Lechan RM. Agouti-related protein (AGRP) has a central inhibitory action on the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis; comparisons between the effect of AGRP and neuropeptide Y on energy homeostasis and the HPT axis. Endocrinology. 2002 Oct; 143(10):3846-53. View in: PubMed

  155. Botero D, Gereben B, Goncalves C, De Jesus LA, Harney JW, Bianco AC. Ubc6p and ubc7p are required for normal and substrate-induced endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation of the human selenoprotein type 2 iodothyronine monodeiodinase. Mol Endocrinol. 2002 Sep; 16(9):1999-2007. View in: PubMed

  156. Bachman ES, Dhillon H, Zhang CY, Cinti S, Bianco AC, Kobilka BK, Lowell BB. betaAR signaling required for diet-induced thermogenesis and obesity resistance. Science. 2002 Aug 02; 297(5582):843-5. View in: PubMed

  157. Bicudo JE, Bianco AC, Vianna CR. Adaptive thermogenesis in hummingbirds. J Exp Biol. 2002 Aug; 205(Pt 15):2267-73. View in: PubMed

  158. Bianco AC, Salvatore D, Gereben B, Berry MJ, Larsen PR. Biochemistry, cellular and molecular biology, and physiological roles of the iodothyronine selenodeiodinases. Endocr Rev. 2002 Feb; 23(1):38-89. View in: PubMed

  159. Cristovão FC, Bisi H, Mendonça BB, Bianco AC, Bloise W. Severe and mild neonatal hypothyroidism mediate opposite effects on Leydig cells of rats. Thyroid. 2002 Jan; 12(1):13-8. View in: PubMed

  160. de Jesus LA, Carvalho SD, Ribeiro MO, Schneider M, Kim SW, Harney JW, Larsen PR, Bianco AC. The type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase is essential for adaptive thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue. J Clin Invest. 2001 Nov; 108(9):1379-85. View in: PubMed

  161. Gouveia CH, Schultz JJ, Bianco AC, Brent GA. Thyroid hormone stimulation of osteocalcin gene expression in ROS 17/2.8 cells is mediated by transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms. J Endocrinol. 2001 Sep; 170(3):667-75. View in: PubMed

  162. Ribeiro MO, Carvalho SD, Schultz JJ, Chiellini G, Scanlan TS, Bianco AC, Brent GA. Thyroid hormone--sympathetic interaction and adaptive thermogenesis are thyroid hormone receptor isoform--specific. J Clin Invest. 2001 Jul; 108(1):97-105. View in: PubMed

  163. Curcio C, Baqui MM, Salvatore D, Rihn BH, Mohr S, Harney JW, Larsen PR, Bianco AC. The human type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase is a selenoprotein highly expressed in a mesothelioma cell line. J Biol Chem. 2001 Aug 10; 276(32):30183-7. View in: PubMed

  164. Peeters R, Fekete C, Goncalves C, Legradi G, Tu HM, Harney JW, Bianco AC, Lechan RM, Larsen PR. Regional physiological adaptation of the central nervous system deiodinases to iodine deficiency. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Jul; 281(1):E54-61. View in: PubMed

  165. Vianna CR, Hagen T, Zhang CY, Bachman E, Boss O, Gereben B, Moriscot AS, Lowell BB, Bicudo JE, Bianco AC. Cloning and functional characterization of an uncoupling protein homolog in hummingbirds. Physiol Genomics. 2001 Apr 02; 5(3):137-45. View in: PubMed

  166. Baqui MM, Gereben B, Harney JW, Larsen PR, Bianco AC. Distinct subcellular localization of transiently expressed types 1 and 2 iodothyronine deiodinases as determined by immunofluorescence confocal microscopy. Endocrinology. 2000 Nov; 141(11):4309-12. View in: PubMed

  167. Gereben B, Goncalves C, Harney JW, Larsen PR, Bianco AC. Selective proteolysis of human type 2 deiodinase: a novel ubiquitin-proteasomal mediated mechanism for regulation of hormone activation. Mol Endocrinol. 2000 Nov; 14(11):1697-708. View in: PubMed

  168. Ribeiro MO, Lebrun FL, Christoffolete MA, Branco M, Crescenzi A, Carvalho SD, Negrão N, Bianco AC. Evidence of UCP1-independent regulation of norepinephrine-induced thermogenesis in brown fat. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Aug; 279(2):E314-22. View in: PubMed

  169. Steinsapir J, Bianco AC, Buettner C, Harney J, Larsen PR. Substrate-induced down-regulation of human type 2 deiodinase (hD2) is mediated through proteasomal degradation and requires interaction with the enzyme's active center. Endocrinology. 2000 Mar; 141(3):1127-35. View in: PubMed

  170. Curcio C, Lopes AM, Ribeiro MO, Francoso OA, Carvalho SD, Lima FB, Bicudo JE, Bianco AC. Development of compensatory thermogenesis in response to overfeeding in hypothyroid rats. Endocrinology. 1999 Aug; 140(8):3438-43. View in: PubMed

  171. Branco M, Ribeiro M, Negrão N, Bianco AC. 3,5,3'-Triiodothyronine actively stimulates UCP in brown fat under minimal sympathetic activity. Am J Physiol. 1999 01; 276(1):E179-87. View in: PubMed

  172. Bianco AC, Carvalho SD, Carvalho CR, Rabelo R, Moriscot AS. Thyroxine 5'-deiodination mediates norepinephrine-induced lipogenesis in dispersed brown adipocytes. Endocrinology. 1998 Feb; 139(2):571-8. View in: PubMed

  173. Gouveia CH, Jorgetti V, Bianco AC. Effects of thyroid hormone administration and estrogen deficiency on bone mass of female rats. J Bone Miner Res. 1997 Dec; 12(12):2098-107. View in: PubMed

  174. Carvalho SD, Bianco AC, Silva JE. Effects of hypothyroidism on brown adipose tissue adenylyl cyclase activity. Endocrinology. 1996 Dec; 137(12):5519-29. View in: PubMed

  175. Ribela MT, Bianco AC, Bartolini P. The use of recombinant human thyrotropin produced by Chinese hamster ovary cells for the preparation of immunoassay reagents. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1996 Jan; 81(1):249-56. View in: PubMed

  176. Moriscot A, Rabelo R, Bianco AC. Corticosterone inhibits uncoupling protein gene expression in brown adipose tissue. Am J Physiol. 1993 Jul; 265(1 Pt 1):E81-7. View in: PubMed

  177. Carvalho SD, Negrão N, Bianco AC. Hormonal regulation of malic enzyme and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in brown adipose tissue. Am J Physiol. 1993 Jun; 264(6 Pt 1):E874-81. View in: PubMed

  178. Latronico AC, Mendonça BB, Bianco AC, Villares SM, Lucon MA, Nicolau W, Wajchenberg BL. Calcium-dependent protein kinase-C activity in human adrenocortical neoplasms, hyperplastic adrenals, and normal adrenocortical tissue. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Sep; 79(3):736-9. View in: PubMed

  179. Bianco AC, Nunes MT, Martins O, Roesner I, Douglas RA, Pereira RC, Douglas CR. Possible mechanism of action of cholesterol enriched diet on the thyroid. Endocrinol Exp. 1981 Dec; 15(4):277-85. View in: PubMed

  180. Bianco AC, Nunes MT, Marone MM, Scalissi NM, Correa PH, Douglas CR. [Thyroxine (T4) to 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) and 3,3',5'-triiodothyronine (reverse T3) conversion in human leukocyte suspensions. Study in hyper and hypothyroidism states]. Rev Paul Med. 1984 Mar-Apr; 102(2):61-4. View in: PubMed

  181. Bianco AC, Nunes MT, Marone MS, Correa PH. Conversion of thyroxine (T4) to T3 and rT3 in human leucocyte suspension: its application to clinical investigation. Endocrinol Exp. 1985 Mar; 19(1):53-61. View in: PubMed

  182. Nunes MT, Bianco AC. Extrathyroidal conversion of thyroxine to 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine in cold-acclimated thyroxine-maintained thyroidectomized rats. Braz J Med Biol Res. 1986; 19(2):311-8. View in: PubMed

  183. Bianco AC, Nunes MT, Hell NS, Maciel RM. The role of glucocorticoids in the stress-induced reduction of extrathyroidal 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine generation in rats. Endocrinology. 1987 Mar; 120(3):1033-8. View in: PubMed

  184. Bianco AC, Silva JE. Intracellular conversion of thyroxine to triiodothyronine is required for the optimal thermogenic function of brown adipose tissue. J Clin Invest. 1987 Jan; 79(1):295-300. View in: PubMed

  185. Bianco AC, Silva JE. Nuclear 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) in brown adipose tissue: receptor occupancy and sources of T3 as determined by in vivo techniques. Endocrinology. 1987 Jan; 120(1):55-62. View in: PubMed

  186. Bianco AC, Silva JE. Optimal response of key enzymes and uncoupling protein to cold in BAT depends on local T3 generation. Am J Physiol. 1987 Sep; 253(3 Pt 1):E255-63. View in: PubMed

  187. Bianco AC, Sheng XY, Silva JE. Triiodothyronine amplifies norepinephrine stimulation of uncoupling protein gene transcription by a mechanism not requiring protein synthesis. J Biol Chem. 1988 Dec 05; 263(34):18168-75. View in: PubMed

  188. Bianco AC, Silva JE. Cold exposure rapidly induces virtual saturation of brown adipose tissue nuclear T3 receptors. Am J Physiol. 1988 Oct; 255(4 Pt 1):E496-503. View in: PubMed

  189. Nunes MT, Bianco AC, Migala A, Agostini B, Hasselbach W. Thyroxine induced transformation in sarcoplasmic reticulum of rabbit soleus and psoas muscles. Z Naturforsch C Biosci. 1985 Sep-Oct; 40(9-10):726-34. View in: PubMed

  190. Dias Júnior AA, Scalissi NM, Marone MM, Correa PH, Bianco AC. [Basedow-Graves' disease: analysis of various parameters in the prognosis of remission after clinical treatment]. Rev Paul Med. 1989 Mar-Apr; 107(2):69-74. View in: PubMed

  191. Carvalho SD, Kimura ET, Bianco AC, Silva JE. Central role of brown adipose tissue thyroxine 5'-deiodinase on thyroid hormone-dependent thermogenic response to cold. Endocrinology. 1991 Apr; 128(4):2149-59. View in: PubMed

  192. Rehnmark S, Bianco AC, Kieffer JD, Silva JE. Transcriptional and posttranscriptional mechanisms in uncoupling protein mRNA response to cold. Am J Physiol. 1992 Jan; 262(1 Pt 1):E58-67. View in: PubMed

  193. Bianco AC, Kieffer JD, Silva JE. Adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate and thyroid hormone control of uncoupling protein messenger ribonucleic acid in freshly dispersed brown adipocytes. Endocrinology. 1992 May; 130(5):2625-33. View in: PubMed